The Sopwith Pup first arrived in France in September 1916 with the RNAS. Of course "Pup" was an unofficial designation; to the Admiralty it was Sopwith Type 9901. All that flew it described it as a joy: responsive yet docile and quite easy to fly, unlike the mercurial Sopwith Camel that followed it. The standard armament was a synchronized Vickers, though some shipbourne Pups used an upward-firing Lewis instead. Both the RNAS and RFC were delighted with the little fighter as it was a match for the early German biplane fighters and easily bested the Fokker monoplanes. The RNAS used it not only as a conventional fighter but as a ship-bourne aeroplane from various battle cruisers and carriers.
|First flight||May 1916 |
|Introduction||Sept 1916 |
|Primary users|| U.K. (RNAS)|
|Number built||1770  [note 1]|
|Wingspan||8.08 m (26 ft 6 in) |
|Engine||80hp Le Rhône rotary|
or 80-100hp Gnome rotatary
|Armament||sync. fixed Vickers|
|Max Speed||see table|
|Service Ceiling||see table|
By autumn of 1917 it was clear that the Pup, with its modest engine and single gun, could no longer compete and it was phased out on the Western Front in the last few months of the year. However, even at the end of the war there were still some Pups on hand in Egypt and Palestine, the Med, Home Defense, on training, and with the Grand Fleet. 
Shipbourn Pups were carried by many capital ships and on the H.M.S. Vindex, Campania, and Furious. Ships Pups used skids and arresting hooks. Ships Pups were beginning to be replaced with Camels by the end of 1917 and had been completely withdrawn by the end of the war.
|80hp Le Rhône||179 km/h (111 mph)||1,500 m (5,000 ft) in 5:20
3,000 m (10,000 ft) in 14:00
4,600 m (15,000 ft) in 29:10
|5,300 m (17,500 ft)||3:00|
|100hp Gnome Monosoupape||177 km/h (110 mph)||1,500 m (5,000 ft) in 5:40
2,000 m (6,500 ft) in 7:05
3,000 m (10,000 ft) in 12:25
4,600 m (15,000 ft) in 23:25
|5,600 m (18,500 ft)||1:45|
For more information, see Wikipedia:Sopwith Pup.
|Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
Plane and Crew CardsEdit
Miniatures and ModelsEdit
- Shapeways: Decapod
- Metal kit: Heroics & Ros GWA104
- Shapeways: Snafu Store
- Shapeways: Snafu Store
- 64 in 1916; 973 in 1917; 733 in 1918.
- Bruce, p.552.
- Bruce'69, p.562.
- Lamberton, pp.214-215.
- Nowarra, p.97.
- Bruce'69, p.561.
- Munson, p.67.
- J.M. Bruce. British Aeroplanes 1914-18. Great Britain, Funk & Wagnalls, 1957, 1969. ISBN 0370000382
- J.M. Bruce, Windsock Datafiles 2: Sopwith Pup. Great Britain, Albatros Publications, 1986, 1987. ISBN 0-948414-06-5
- W.M.Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman. Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
- Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607
- Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070