In the early days, the term "Scout" referred to a plane that could do both reconnaissance and fighting. Martinsyde desired to make a scout that could do much longer-range scouting than the typical plane. To carry the extra petrol, the plane had to be larger than the typical single-seat scout, and that is what led to the Martinsyde G.100s nickname, the "Elephant". Due to its size, it was never as maneuverable as smaller scouts, but as well as long-range patrol, it could sacrifice some of its large fuel weight to carry bombs, so it also saw use as a light bomber.
|First flight||Sept 1915 |
|Introduction||Jan 1916 [note 1]|
|Primary user||U.K. (RFC/RAF)|
|Number built||101[note 2]|
|Wingspan||11.6 m (38 ft) |
|Engine||120hp Beardmore inline|
|Armament||top-wing fixed Lewis|
(sometimes) one rear/left-firing Lewis
51–150 kg (112–336 lb) of bombs
|Max Speed||153 km/h (95 mph)  - 161 km/h (100 mph)|
|Climb||2,000 m (6,500 ft) in 10:00|
3,000 m (10,000 ft) in 19:00
|Service Ceiling||4,300 m (14,000 ft) |
Martinsyde desired to make a new fighter/scout to replace the venerable Martinsyde S.1, and the Martinsyde G.100 was the result. It mounted a 120hp Beardmore engine and two Lewis guns -- one firing forward above the propeller from the top wing, a second behind the cockpit on the left for firing rearward [note 3]. The G.100 was scattered to various units in ones and twos except for No.27 Squadron. It fared all right as an escort, but it wasn't well-suited for dogfights. Its good lifting capacity made it into a fair light bomber, though, and it was used in this capacity in the summer-autumn of 1916 until the arrival of the Airco D.H.4.
The G.100 served on the Western Front with six squadrons, with home defense, in Mesopotamia, and in Palestine, and as a trainer. The less-competitive fronts allowed the Elephant a longer lifetime.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Martinsyde G.100.
|Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
|16Q2-17Q4||Y||B or A||14||11||5|
Plane and Crew CardsEdit
Miniatures and ModelsEdit
- Shapeways: Reduced Aircraft Factory
- While the prototype was used in France in January 1916, production deliveries began in February and Sqd. No.27 arrived in March..
- In addition, some G.102 orders were built with the 120hp Beardmore, so they were technically G.100s.
- One wonders what kind of skill would be necessary to use the second gun effectively while flying the plane, and many pictures show it removed.
- Bruce'69, p.303.
- Bruce'98, p.4.
- Bruce'98, p.37.
- Bruce'98, p.36.
- Lamberton, pp.214-215.
- Bruce'69, p.308.
- Bruce'98, p.2.
- J.M. Bruce. British Aeroplanes 1914-18. Great Britain, Funk & Wagnalls, 1957, 1969. ISBN 0370000382
- J.M. Bruce, Windsock Datafile 70: Martinsyde Elephant. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1998. ISBN 1-902207-03-3
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.