L.F.G. Roland C.II
The L.F.G. Roland C.II gave the pilot a superb field of view by moving the to wing to the level of the top of the fuselage, while wing stagger and root cut-outs improved the restricted downward vision. In place of traditional struts and bracing cables, single I-beam interplane struts were used. Tail surfaces were adjusted to compensate for the deep fuselage. In service the major deficiency was that the thin wings would distort, to the detriment of climbing capability. The C.II was nicknamed the Walfisch (Whale). While its service life was substantial, there were never more than sixty-four at the front at any time, as measured by Frontbestand, so it could never be considered a plane that was "common".
|L.F.G. Roland C.II|
|First flight||Oct 1915 |
|Number built||several hundred |
|Wingspan||10.3 m (33 ft 8 in) |
|Engine||160hp Mercedes D.III inline|
|Armament||flexible rear Parabellum|
(later) fixed, sync. LMG08/15
|Max Speed||165 km/h (103 mph) to|
170 km/h (106 mph)
|Climb||1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 6:00|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 12:00
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 25:00
|Ceiling||4,000 m (13,100 ft)|
|Endurance||4:00-5:00 |
For more information, see Wikipedia:LFG Roland C.II.
|Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
Miniatures and ModelsEdit
- Ares: WGF203A von Richtofen; WGF203B Luftstreitkräfte; WGF203C FFA 292b
- Shapeways: Arctic Skunk, Starcorp Shipyards
- Metal kit: Red Eagle, Reviresco
- Wings of War: WW08G von Richtofen; WW08H Seibert/Pfleger; WW08I Luftstreitskräfte
- Shapeways: StarCorp Shipyards
- Metal kit: Heroics & Ros GWA323
- Metal kit: Tumbling Dice
- German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).
- Gray, p.158.
- Lamberton'62, p.159.
- Lamberton'62, pp.222-223.
- Lamberton'60, pp.218-219.
- Munson, p.43.
- Gray, p.161.
- Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
- Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
- Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
- W.M.Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman. Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962.
- Kenneth Munson, Bombers: Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft, 1914-1919. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968, Blandford Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0753721711