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The Grigorovich M.24 Flying Boat, also known as the Commune, was a modifed M.9 with a 220hp Renault engine. The type served with the Bolsheviks into the mid-1920s. [1]

Grigorovich M.24
Role Flying Boat
Manufacturer Grigorovich
Designer Dimitry P. Grigorovich
Primary user Imperial Russian Aviation Roundel.svg Russia
Developed from Grigorovich M.9
Engine 220hp Renault vee
Armament front flexible MG

For more information, see Wikipedia:Grigorovich M-24.


  1. Durkota, p.282.
  • Alan Durkota, Thomas Darcey, and Victor Kulikov. The Imperial Russian Air Service. Flying Machines Press, 1995. ISBN 0-9637110-2-4