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The HMS Campania was refitted as an aircraft carrier in April 1915 and the Fairey Campania holds the distinction of being the first aircraft built specifically built for carrier use. This seaplane would take off from the 120-foot flying deck using wheeled trolley, but it would land on the sea and be recovered by crane. The F.16 prototype used the Rolls-Royce Eagle IV, but the production F.17 Campanias used the 275hp Eagle V. When shortages of Rolls-Royce engines became acute, the Campania was re-engined with the Sunbeam Maori II in the form of the F.22 Campania.

Fairey Campania
Role Seaplane
Manufacturer Fairey
Primary user RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RNAS)
Number built ≥100 [1]
Wingspan 18.3 m (60 ft 2 in)[2]
Engine 275hp Eagle V vee
Armament rear flexible Lewis
Crew 2
Max Speed 130 km/h (81 mph)[3][4] to
137 km/h (85 mph)[2] to
145 km/h (90 mph) [1]
Climb 610 m (2,000 ft) in 5:35[1]
910 m (3,000 ft) in 9:15[2]
1,500 m (5,000 ft) in 12:20[1]
2,000 m (6,500 ft) in 28:30[1]
2,100 m (7,000 ft) in 33:00[2]
Service Ceiling 1,700 m (5,500 ft)[3][4] to
2,200 m (7,100 ft)[1] to
2,900 m (9,500 ft)[2]
Endurance 3:00[3][4] to 4:30-6:45[1]

The Campania was built in moderate numbers and gave good, if unspectacular, duty on long patrol from 1917 through the end of the war, and they were also used during the Russian civil war. They were used from the seaplane carriers Campania, Nairana, and Pegusus as well as several RNAS stations.[1]

The original complement of the Campania was ten seaplanes, but by the time she was sunk in a storm in November 1918, she used four Campanias and seven Ship Strutters. Policy dictated that Eagle-powered Campanias were allocated to seaplane carriers and Maori-engined F.22s to shore stations in ones and twos.[5]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Fairey Campania.

Game DataEdit

Wings of GloryEdit

Unofficial Stats
Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb
         
17Q2-18Q4 XD -/B 17 5 6

Miniatures and ModelsEdit

1:144 ScaleEdit

1:285/6mm/1:288 ScaleEdit

ResourcesEdit

Isometric Top ViewsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Bruce'69, p.219.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Nowarra, pp.200-201.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Munson'71, p.23.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Munson'76, p.94.
  5. Nowarra, p.88.
Bibliography
  • J.M. Bruce. British Aeroplanes 1914-18. Great Britain, Funk & Wagnalls, 1957, 1969. ISBN 0370000382
  • Kenneth Munson, Bombers: Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft, 1914-1919. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968, Blandford Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0753721711
  • Kenneth Munson, Flying Boats and Seaplanes since 1910. New York: The MacMillan Company, Blandford Press Ltd., 1971.
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070