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After producing several designs that were behind the times, Louis Breguet discarded all previous design decisions and designed a two-seater suited to combat on the Western Front, the Breguet 14. The fuselage was made of light and strong duralumin longerons and spacers bolted onto welded steel fittings, and the wings used duralumin spars and wooden ribs, making the plane quite strong.

Breguet 14
Breguet 14 Kiew.jpg
Role Bomber/Reconnaissance
Manufacturer Breguet
Designer Louis Breguet
First flight 21 Nov 1916 [1]
Introduction Aug 1917 [1]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
US Army Air Roundel.svg U.S.A.
Roundel of Belgium.svg Belgium
Roundel of Greece.svg Greece
Roundel of the Serbian Air Force 1912.svg Serbia
Number built ~2200 ordered [1]
Wingspan A2:14.0 m (46 ft)[2]
B2:14.4 m (47 ft 1 in) [2]
Engine 300hp Renault 12Fcx or
300hp Fiat A-12bis
Armament fixed sync. Vickers and
1-22× rear flexible Lewis
240 kg (520 lb) of bombs (B2)[2]
Crew 2
Max Speed 177 km/h (110 mph)[3] to
184 km/h (114 mph)[4][note 1]
Climb 2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 6:50
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 11:35
5,000 m (16,400 ft) in 29:30 [4][note 2]
Ceiling 5,800 m (19,000 ft)[3] to
6,100 m (20,000 ft)[4][note 3]
Endurance 2:45 [4][3] to 3:00[2]

Two varieties existed with minor differences between them: the Breguet 14A2 was the reconnaissance version (originally designated the Breguet 13), and the 14B2 was the bomber version. Both versions proved to be excellent aircraft, and the Breguet 14 was built in large numbers by several manufacturers.

During the war Belgium equipped three escadrilles with Breguet 14s; Greece two squadrons; Serbia three squadrons. 1,500 were promised to the Americans, but only 290 had been delivered by the Armistice. Their use started in June 1918 with the 96th Aero Squadron.

The Breguet 14 served well into the 1920s and they were used by many more countries after the war as well as in the Russian Civil War.[1]

To reduce losses, the pilots' seats were armored and the bombers were frequently escorted by Caudron R.11's.[5]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Breguet 14.

Game DataEdit

Wings of GloryEdit

Official Stats
Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb
         
K A/A or B/B or B/A 17 14(A2) or 12(B2) 3
Card LinksEdit

Blue Max/Canvas EaglesEdit

Aircraft Chart

Miniatures and ModelsEdit

1:144 ScaleEdit

  • Shapeways: Decapod
  • Metal kit: Reviresco
  • Wings of War: WW23G de Greffier/Marseille; WW23H Grebil/Carron; WW23I Browning/Duke

1:285/6mm/1:288 ScaleEdit

1:300 ScaleEdit

1:350 ScaleEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. B2: 195 km/h (121 mph) with 300hp Renault[2]
  2. B2: 1,500 m (5,000 ft) in 15:20, 3,000 m (10,000 ft) in 34:35, 4,000 m (13,000 ft) in 51:50[2]
  3. B2:4,400 m (14,500 ft)[2]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Updated card
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Davilla, p.101.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Lamberton, pp.216-218.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Munson, p.65.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Davilla, p.124.
  5. Lamberton, p.72.
Bibliography
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962.
  • Kenneth Munson, Bombers: Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft, 1914-1919. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968, Blandford Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0753721711