Open main menu

The A.R.1 is one of the great overlooked planes of WWI. 1,435 A.R.1 and A.R.2 aircraft were built, and they helped bridge the gap between the early Farman pushers and the better planes of 1918 which eventually replaced the AR's: Breguet 14s, Salmson S.2's, and SPAD 16s. At least 49 French escadrilles used the AR's. They were frequently known as "Dorand A.R.1s", but Commandant Dorand had little to do with their design. Various theories surround the name "A.R." but perhaps the most logical is Avion de Reconnaissance.

A.R.1
Dorand AR.1 French First World War reconnaissance biplane.jpg
Role Reconnaissance
Manufacturer A.R.
Introduction March[1]-April[2] 1917
Primary user Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
Number built 1435[1][note 1]
Variants A.R.2
Wingspan 13.3 m (43 ft 7 in) [3]
Engine 160hp Renault or
190hp Renault 8Gd or
240hp Lorraine 8A
Armament sync. fixed Vickers and
1-2× rear flexible Lewis
82 kg (180 lb) in bombs[3]
Crew 2
Max Speed 152 km/h (94 mph)[4]
Climb 2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 11:00[4]-13:00[3]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 22:20[4][3]
4,000 m (13,100 ft) in 39:00[4][3]
Ceiling 5,500 m (18,000 ft)[4][3]
Range 375 km (230 mi)[4]
Endurance 3:00 [3]

While it was not an elegant or outstanding aircraft, it gave good service in no less than 49 escadrilles, starting in early 1917. Frequently they were mixed with their larger, negative-stagger-wing cousin, the Letords. The A.R.1/A.R.2 also served with Greece, Serbia, and the U.S., though more commonly in a training role than in combat.[4]

By early 1918 they were starting to be withdrawn from combat, as better two-seaters started to arrive.[2]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Dorand AR.

Timeline[1] [note 2]Edit

 

Game DataEdit

Wings of GloryEdit

Unofficial Stats
Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb
         
Y B/A 16 12 5

Plane and Crew CardsEdit

Miniatures and ModelsEdit

1:144 ScaleEdit

1:285/6mm/1:288 ScaleEdit

ResourcesEdit

Isometric Top ViewsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. Includes both AR.1 and AR.2.
  2. Numbers are approximate, derived from Escadrille data. Includes AR.1 and AR.2
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Davilla, p.37.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lamberton, p.74.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Lamberton, pp.216-218.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Davilla, p.46.
Bibliography
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962.